IMF Working paper-Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries-continued

April 2, 2012--This paper describes the institutional changes that have induced a decline in the vertical fiscal imbalance (VFI)- defined as the share of sub-national own spending not financed through own revenues - in four European countries: Belgium, Italy, Norway, and Spain.
The decline in VFI was achieved through progressive devolution of revenues to sub-national governments in Belgium, Italy, and Spain, while re-centralization of health sector expenditures was the cause of the decline in the VFI in Norway.

view the Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries

Source: IMF

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